Kochi-Lakshadweep islands submarine optical fiber connection project

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Overview:

Recently, the Prime Minister of India in Kavaratti, Lakshadweep, inaugurated Kochi-Lakshadweep islands submarine optical fiber connection (KLI-SOFC) project.

About Kochi-Lakshadweep islands submarine optical fiber connection project

  • It is the submarine cable connectivity project from Mainland (Kochi) to eleven Lakshadweep Islands namely, Kavaratti, Agatti, Amini, Kadmat, Chetlet, Kalpeni, Minicoy, Androth, Kiltan, Bangaram and Bitra has been extended.
  • The project is funded by Universal Services Obligation Fund (USOF), Department of Telecommunication.
  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) was the Project Executing Agency and the work was awarded to M/s NEC Corporation India Pvt Ltd through Global Open Tendering process.
  • The major activities related to the project include Marine Route Survey, Submarine Cable laying, Civil Construction of CLS stations, Installation, Testing and Commissioning of End Terminals (SLTE).
  • Significance of the project
    • The KLI-SOFC project will lead to an increase in internet speed unlocking new possibilities & opportunities.
    • For the first time since independence, Lakshadweep will be connected through Submarine Optic Fibre Cable.
    • The dedicated submarine OFC will ensure a paradigm shift in communication infrastructure in the Lakshadweep islands, enabling faster and more reliable internet services, telemedicine, e-governance, educational initiatives, digital banking, digital currency usage, digital literacy etc.

Q1) What is an optical fiber?

It is a cylindrical dielectric waveguide (nonconducting waveguide) that transmits light along its axis through the process of total internal reflection. The fiber consists of a core surrounded by a cladding layer, both of which are made of dielectric materials.

Source: PM inaugurates Kochi-Lakshadweep Islands Submarine Optical Fibre Connection