Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary

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Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary Blog Image


Recently, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) directed a notice to be issued, related to the complaint of mining activities taking place in the eco-sensitive zone of Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary, Balasore district, Odisha

About Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary: 


  • It is a major wildlife sanctuary in Odisha which was established in 1984.
  • It is spread across the Chota Nagpur Plateau region.
  • It is connected with Simlipal Reserve via Nato and Sukhupada Hill ranges.
  • Flora: It contains mixed deciduous forest. 
  • Fauna: It consists of lot of wild animals like the tigers, elephants, leopards, bison, gaur, giant squirrels and sambar etc.


Key facts about National Green Tribunal

  • It has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.
  • New Delhi is the Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai shall be the other four places of sitting of the Tribunal.
  • NGT is mandated to make disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of the filing of the same.
  • Composition
    • The tribunal comprises the Chairperson, the Judicial Members, and Expert Members.
    • They shall hold office for a term of 5 years and are not eligible for reappointment.
    • The Chairperson is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI).
    • A Selection Committee shall be formed by the central government to appoint the Judicial Members and Expert Members.
    • There are to be at least 10 and a maximum of 20 full-time Judicial members and Expert Members in the tribunal.


Q1) What is tribunal?

A tribunal is a legal forum or court of justice that is established to resolve specific types of disputes or cases. It is a formal process for adjudicating matters of law and fact, similar to a court, but tribunals often have a narrower jurisdiction and focus on specialized areas of law.

Source: Daily Court Digest: Major environment orders (August 17, 2023)