Lachit Borphukan

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Recently, the Prime Minister of India paid tributes to Lachit Borphukan on Lachit Diwas.

About Lachit Borphukan

  • He has been revered in Assam as the warrior who defeated Mughal armies in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671.
  • He was commander of the Ahom armies during the battle of Saraighat – fought on the banks of Brahmaputra in Guwahati. 
  • He was a brilliant military commander.
  • He was chosen as one of the five Borphukans of the Ahom kingdom by king Charadhwaj Singha and given administrative, judicial, and military responsibilities. 
  • Borphukan preferred guerrilla tactics which provided an edge to his smaller, but fast moving and capable forces.
  • He died a year after the Battle of Saraighat from a long festering illness.

Key points about the AHOM Kingdom

  • The Ahom kings ruled large parts of what is now known as Assam for nearly 600 years, from the early 13th century to the early 19th century.
  • This was a prosperous, multi-ethnic kingdom which spread across the upper and lower reaches of the Brahmaputra valley, surviving on rice cultivation in its fertile lands.
  • The Ahoms engaged in a series of conflicts with the Mughals from 1615-1682, starting from the reign of Jahangir till the reign of Aurangzeb.

Q1) What Is Sandy Guerrilla warfare?

It is a type of warfare fought by irregulars in fast-moving, small-scale actions against orthodox military and police forces and, on occasion, against rival insurgent forces, either independently or in conjunction with a larger political-military strategy.

Source: Prime Minister pays homage to the courage of Lachit Borphukan on Lachit Diwas