Lake Natron


11:11 AM

1 min read
Lake Natron Blog Image


According to experts, the population of flamingos on Lake Natron is steadily declining as fewer birds return each year due to extreme weather and encroachment.

About Lake Natron: 

  • It is a salt lake located on the border between Tanzania and Kenya, part of the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley.
  • It is a Ramsar site and has a unique composition of warm waters and salt, caustic soda, and magnesite deposits that provide ideal conditions for flamingos to thrive.
  • Primarily, the lake is fed by the Ewaso Ng’iro River, which originates from the central region of Kenya.
  • One of the most striking features of this Lake is its striking red coloration. The primary reason for its hue lies in its extreme alkalinity.
  • Threats: Several factors, including agriculture, pollution, and climate change, are threatening the beauty of this unique ecosystem.

Key facts about Great Rift Valley

  • It is one of the most extensive rifts on Earth’s surface that runs along part of East Africa. It is part of a larger feature called the East African Rift System (EARS).
  • It runs from Jordan in southwestern Asia to the coast of the Indian Ocean in central Mozambique.
  • It runs across many countries: Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Malawi, Zambia, and Mozambique.

Q1: What is salinity?

Salinity is the dissolved salt content of a body of water. It is a strong contributor to conductivity and helps determine many aspects of the chemistry of natural waters and the biological processes within them.

Source: Flamingos under threat: Climate impact jeopardising delicate balance of Tanzania’s Lake Natron