The western zone bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) recently revoked the stay on demolition of five studios in Madh Island.
About Madh Island:
- It is an island located in Malad west, in the western suburbs of Mumbai, Maharashtra.
- It consists of several fishing villages and farmlands bounded by Arabian sea to the west and Malad creek to the east.
- Over the years, Madh has evolved from a group of fishing villages to a prominent residential and holiday destination.
- It also houses Airforce and Naval stations.
- It is primarily inhabited by Kolis, Marathis, and Roman Catholics.
- It also has an old Fort, Madh Fort and a 16th century Portuguese Church – St. Bonaventure.
- ‘Erangal’ is a picturesque village on Madh island which is a popular filming location.
What is the National Green Tribunal (NGT)?
- It has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.
- Mandate: Effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.
- Composition: It comprises the Chairperson, the Judicial Members, and Expert Members.
- The Tribunal is not bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.
- New Delhi is the Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai shall be the other four places of sitting of the Tribunal.
Q1) Where is Madh Fort located?
Madh Fort is a small fort in northern Mumbai, India situated at Madh Island. It was built by the Portuguese in Portuguese occupied India. They lost it during the war against Maratha empire when the Maratha Empire captured it in February 1739