Mange Disease

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The forest department is monitoring an outbreak of mange among a pack of Asiatic wild dogs in the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR) in the Nilgiris.

About Mange Disease

  • It is a skin disease of animals caused by mite infestations, characterized by inflammation, itching, thickening of the skin, and hair loss.
  • The most severe form of mange is caused by varieties of the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, which also causes human scabies.
  • Some form of mange is known in all domestic animals, although many varieties of mange mites infest only one species.
  • Transmission: They are transmitted between animals by direct contact and by objects that have been in contact with infected animals. Most forms of mange are treatable.

Key facts about Asiatic wild dogs

  • It is a wild canid found in the forests of central, south, and southeast Asia. 
  • Other Names: Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red wolf, red dog and mountain wolf.
  • Distribution
    • They are found throughout Eastern and Southeastern Asia.
    • They can be seen as far north as Siberia, as far south as some Malaysian islands, and as far west as the Indian peninsula. 
    • They are found in three clusters across India, namely the Western and Eastern Ghats, the central Indian landscape and North East India. The Western and Eastern Ghats is a stronghold region for dholes.
  • Habitat: Dholes are animals that inhabit dense jungles, steppes, mountains, scrub forests, and pine forests.
  • Conservation status
    • IUCN Red List: Endangered
    • The Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Schedule II
    • CITES: Appendix II

Q1: What are Boreal forests?

These are defined as forests growing in high-latitude environments where freezing temperatures occur for 6 to 8 months and in which trees are capable of reaching a minimum height of 5 m and a canopy cover of 10%.

Source: Mange outbreak reported among Asiatic wild dogs in Mudumalai