What is Meniere’s Disease?

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What is Meniere’s Disease? Blog Image

Overview:

Hong Kong singer Jacky Cheung collapsed on stage during a concert recently, which was later attributed to Meniere's disease that causes dizzy spells, also known as vertigo.

About Meniere’s Disease:

  • It is a rare inner ear disorder. 
  • Cause:
    • It is the result of a build-up of fluid in the inner ear, called labyrinth. It contains the organs of balancing and hearing.
    • The fluid build-up in the labyrinth interferes with the normal balance and hearing signals between the inner ear and the brain.
  • It can lead to severe dizziness (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness or congestion in the ear. 
  • It usually affects only one ear.
  • Ménière’s disease can develop at any age, but it is more likely to happen to adults between 40 and 60 years of age.
  • Major Symptoms: Vertigo is the most debilitating symptom and is a severe spinning sensation that can cause:
    • Severe nausea;
    • Vomiting;
    • Sweating;
  • Other symptoms may include:
    • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears);
    • Loss of hearing or muffled hearing;
    • Loss of the ability to hear low frequencies;
    • Pressure in the affected ear;
    • Loss of balance;
  • Left untreated, Ménière’s disease symptoms get worse over time and may cause permanent hearing loss and ongoing balance problems.
  • TreatmentThere is no cure, but lifestyle tips and medical treatments can help ease the symptoms.

 


Q1) What is nausea ?

Nausea is a distressing and uncomfortable sensation characterized by the urge to vomit. It is often accompanied by an unpleasant feeling in the stomach and a general sense of discomfort. Nausea is not a condition in itself but rather a symptom of an underlying issue, which can range from minor causes, such as motion sickness or overeating, to more serious medical conditions.

Source: What Is Meniere's Disease? Why Is It In News? Explained