Melghat Tiger Reserve (MTR)

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Melghat Tiger Reserve (MTR) Blog Image


The ongoing Kula Mama Volleyball Tournament-2024 in Melghat Tiger Reserve's (MTR) Semadoh sends a strong message to save tigers and the pristine forest with involvement of local youths.

About Melghat Tiger Reserve (MTR)

  • Location:
    • It is located in the Amaravati district of Maharashtra.
    • It is located on the southern offshoot of the Satpura Hill Range in Central India, called Gavilgarh Hill. 
  • It was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1967 and was declared a tiger reserve in 1974. 
  • It was the first tiger reserve in Maharashtra.
  • It was among the first nine tiger reserves notified in 1973-74 under Project Tiger.
  • The name 'Melghat' means the confluence of various 'ghats' or valleys, as is typical from the landscape of this tiger Reserve.
  • Vegetation: The forest is tropical dry deciduous in nature, dominated by teak.
  • Rivers: The reserve is a catchment area for five major rivers: the Khandu, Khapra, Sipna, Gadga, and Dolar, all of which are tributaries of the river Tapti.
  • The Tapti River and the Gawilgadh ridge of the Satpura Range form the boundaries of the reserve.
  • Tribes: The Korkus are the largest tribal community in Melghat. Other communities include the Gawli community, the Gond tribe, and several other smaller tribal communities.
  • Flora: Some of the common species are teak, Lagerstroemia Parviflora, Terminalia Tomentosa, Ougeinia Oojeinensis, Emblica Officinalis, Bamboo, etc.
  • Fauna:
    • Apart from Tigers the other prominent animals are Sloth Bear, Indian Gaur, Sambar deer, Leopard, Nilgais, dhole, hyena, jungle cat, langur, etc. 
    • It is considered a stronghold of the critically endangered forest owlet.

Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

Tiger Reserve is a legally declared protected area dedicated to the conservation of striped big cats in its natural environment. A tiger reserve could be a national park or wildlife sanctuary. The Sariska Tiger Reserve, for example, is also a national park.

Source: Forest department’s sporting gesture aims at saving tigers and preventing forest fires