A team of researchers and the forest department have found a rare bioluminescent mushroom in the Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary (KKWLS).
About Mycena chlorophos
- · It is a bioluminescent fungus primarily found in subtropical Asia.
- · It is characterized by a pristine white disc with a shallow depression in the centre and emits a bright, greenish light in the dark
- · Mycena species have bell-shaped caps and thin stems.
- · There are around 103 species of bioluminescent fungi in the world, of which seven are found in India.
What is Bioluminescence?
- · It is the ability of living organisms to emit light.
- · It occurs due to a biochemical reaction between luciferins, oxygen and the enzyme luciferase.
- · The benefit of bioluminescence in fungi is to attract insects for facilitating their spore dispersal.
Key facts about Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary
- · It is located in the Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu.
- · It is situated near the southernmost tip of India at the confluence point of three major water bodies namely; Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean.
- · Seven rivers have their origin in this forest including the famous Pahrali and Thamirabarani rivers.
- · Vegetation: This region represents southern thorn forests, dry deciduous, moist deciduous, semi evergreen forests and ever green hill sholas with grassy downs.
- · Fauna: It is home to Indian Bison, Elephant, Nilgiri Tahr, Sambar Deer, Lion-tailed Macaque and also reptiles such as Indian Rock Python.
Q1) What are Mushrooms?
These are fascinating organisms with a wide range of ecological, culinary, and medicinal importance. They are fungi that belong to the kingdom Fungi. They are a diverse group of organisms with various shapes, sizes, colors, and ecological roles.