Myelin Basic Protein

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Overview:

Recently, a research group from the physical sciences division of the Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Guwahati has fabricated monolayers of pure myelin basic protein.

About Myelin Basic Protein:

  • It is a major protein component of the myelin sheath, which is a protective membrane that wraps around the axon of nerve cells.
  • It insulates and protects nerve fibres in the central nervous system.
  • It acts as a model protein in studying diseases like multiple sclerosis 
  • The researchers used a technique called the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique to form monolayers of pure myelin basic protein at the air-water and air-solid interfaces.

What is multiple sclerosis?

  • It is a disease that impacts the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves.
  • It is considered to be an immune-mediated disease. This means that in MS, the body's immune system attacks the central nervous system.
  • Symptoms: Vision problems, Loss of balance or coordination, Muscle weakness etc.

 


Q1) What is the nervous system?

The nervous system is a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that coordinate and control the functions of the body. It is responsible for receiving, processing, and responding to sensory information from the environment.

Source: Scientists fabricate proteins that can help study diseases like multiple sclerosis