Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

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Overview:

Recently, the 19th Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit was held in Kampala, the capital of Uganda on 19 and 20 January.

About NAM Summit

  • The 19th NAM Summit was held under Uganda's leadership in Kampala. Uganda has taken over as chair from Azerbaijan, to run until 2027.
  • Theme: ‘Deepening Cooperation for Shared Global Affluence.’
  • Key discussions at the summit:
    • Israel-Hamas war
    • India’s “Vishwaa Mitra” initiative
    • A call for multipolar world

About Non-Aligned Movement

  • The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an alliance of developing nations that refuses to identify with any major superpower.
  • It was established in 1961 at the height of the Cold War. Whereas it started with the Bandung Conference held in Indonesia in 1955.
  • Current members:
    • 120 countries: 53 from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean and two from Europe.
    • It also includes the non-UN member state of Palestine, 17 other observer countries, and 10 observer organizations.
    • India is one of the founding members.
  • After the United Nations, NAM is the second-largest grouping of nations.
  • NAM does not have a permanent secretariat or a formal founding charter, act, or treaty
  • The summit usually takes place every three years.

Q1) What is the Cold War ?

It was a period of geopolitical tension between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies, the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc, that started after the end of World War II in 1945 and lasted to 1991.

Source: At NAM Summit, Jaishankar highlights India as Vishwa Mitra.