Key Facts about Narmada River

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A division bench of MP High Court recently granted time to the state government to present in the court the guidelines for urban and rural areas through which river Narmada flows in the state as regard construction in the vicinity of the river.

About Narmada River

  • It is the largest west-flowing river in peninsular India.
  • Origin: The origin of the river is a tiny reservoir named Narmada Kund, which is situated on the Amarkantak Hill in Anuppur District of East Madhya Pradesh at an elevation of 1,057 m (3,467.8 ft). 
  • Course: The river flows through Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat between Vindhya and Satpura hill ranges before falling into the Gulf of Cambay in the Arabian Sea about 10 km north of Bharuch, Gujarat.
  • Length: The total length of the river from source to sea is 1312 kilometres (815 miles).
  • It is one of the rivers that flow in a rift valley and acts as a divider between north India and south India.
  • The river has numerous waterfalls, notably the Dhuandhar Falls, southwest of Jabalpur. 
  • Tributaries:
    • The Narmada has several tributaries, with the most significant ones being the Tawa, Barna, Hiran, and Orsang rivers.
    • The Tawa River is the longest tributary of the Narmada River. It joins the Narmada River at Bandra Bhan in Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh. 

Q1) What is a rift valley?

A rift valley is a huge fracture on continental and oceanic plates which widens gradually over extensive periods of times. A rift valley is a landform whose formation is triggered by a geologic rift or fault. The landform manifests as an elongated lowland in the middle of mountain ranges or several highlands. The depressed regions of a rift valley are created by one or more grabens. A graben is a valley having faults of two or more sides set up by the divergence of tectonic plates.

Source: Illegal construction along Narmada river: HC grants MP govt more time