National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC)

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Prelims: Polity & Governance
National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) Blog Image

What is NCRTC?

  • The NCRTC is a joint partnership institution between the Central Government and the participating states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and the NCT of Delhi.
  • It works under the administrative control of Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • Objective: It is mandated for implementing the Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) project across the NCR of India, ensuring a balanced and sustainable urban development through better connectivity and access.
  • Institutional Setup:
    • NCRTC was formally incorporated on 21st August, 2013 as a Company under the Company Act, 1956.
    • As a joint partnership project between the Center and the States, NCRTC would have one nominated Director each from the participating States, and four nominee Directors from the Government of India.
    • The Secretary (UD) is the ex-officio Chairman of the Board of Directors and the Managing Director, a nominee of MoUD. NCRTC also has the flexibility of forming separate subsidiary companies for implementing specific projects.

Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)

  • National capital region (NCR) is a multi-state region with the National Capital as its centre. This region, spread over an area of about 55,083 sq. kms. , comprises the entire National Capital territory of Delhi and some parts of the neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • The National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB), in order to enhance the connectivity within the NCR, has proposed to connect urban, industrial (SEZs/industrial parks), regional and sub-regional centres through a fast rail based Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS).
  • The objective of this system is to reduce dependence of commuters on road-based transportation.


Q1) How is RRTS different from Metro?

RRTS is different from conventional railway as it will provide reliable, high frequency, point-to-point regional travel at high speed along a dedicated pathway. It is also different from metro as it aims to travel relatively longer distances with fewer stops at a higher speed.

Source: TRAI releases recommendations on ‘Spectrum Requirements of National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) for Train Control System for RRTS Corridors’