National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research

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Overview:

A recent study by the National Centre for Polar and Oceanic Research (NCPOR) revealed that the Antarctic sea ice (South Pole) reached its lowest level ever recorded in the summer of 2022.

About National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research

  • It is an autonomous research institute under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) established in 1998.
  • It is India’s premier R&D institution responsible for the country’s research activities in the Polar and Southern Ocean realms.
  • It is tasked with planning and executing polar expeditions and scientific research in Antarctica, Arctic, Himalayas and the Southern Ocean.
  • It is the nodal agency for planning, promoting, coordinating, and executing the entire gamut of polar and southern ocean scientific research in the country and the associated logistics activities.
  • It also undertakes research on some of the country’s strategically vital projects like mapping of Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), continental shelf margins and the Deep Ocean Mission.
  • The Center maintains a Research Advisory Committee (RAC) to help guide and concentrate the research activities.

It is located in Vasco da Gama, Goa, and was formerly known as the National Center for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR).


Q1: What is the Southern Ocean?

It is also known as the Antarctic Ocean which is one of the five great ocean basins on Earth. It was formed around 34 million years ago when Antarctica and South America drifted apart, creating the Drake Passage.

Source: New NCPOR study attempts to resolve the Mystery of extremely low sea ice cover in Antarctic