National Chambal Sanctuary

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Overview:

Recently, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh have commenced joint action to stop illegal sand mining in National Chambal Sanctuary.

About National Chambal sanctuary:

  • National Chambal Sanctuary lying at the tri-junction of three states  Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • It is home to the critically endangered Gharial, the red-crowned roof turtle and the endangered Ganges River dolphin.
  • Chambal supports the largest population of Gharials in the wild.

Key facts about the Chambal River

  • It is one of the tributaries of the Yamuna River and the most pollution-free river in India.
  • It originates at the Singar Chouri peak on the northern slopes of the Vindhya mountains
  • On its south, east and west, the basin is bounded by the Vindhyan mountain ranges and on the northwest by the Aravallis.
  • The Hadauti plateau in Rajasthan occurs in the upper catchment of the Chambal River to the southeast of the Mewar Plains.
  • Tributaries: Banas, Kali Sindh, Sipra, Parbati, etc.
  • Major Dams on the River: Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, Jawahar Sagar Dam.

 


Q1) Where do we find Red-crowned roofed turtle?

Red-crowned roofed turtle is native to India, Nepal and Bangladesh. It is known to be widely found in the Ganga and Brahmaputra River basins. At present in India, the National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary is the only geographic area where the species is found in substantial numbers.

Source: Three States begin joint action to stop illegal sand mining in the Chambal sanctuary