National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)

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Prelims: Polity & Governance

About National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR):


  • NCPCR is a statutory body established by an Act of Parliament, the Commission for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
  • It works under the aegis of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • The Commission began operational on 5 March 2007.
  • As defined by the commission, a child includes a person up to the age of 18 years.
  • Mandate: The Commission is mandated under section 13 of the CPCR Act, 2005 "to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child."
  • The Commission is further mandated to monitor the proper and effective implementation o
    • Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.
    • Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.
    • Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009.
  • Members:
    • A chairperson who, is a person of eminence and has done outstanding work for promoting the welfare of children.
    • Six members, out of which at least two are women, who are having experience in Education, Child Health, Juvenile justice, Elimination of child labour, Child psychology or sociology Laws relating to children.
    • The members are appointed by the Central Government for a term of 3 years.


Q1) What is the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012?

It is an Act to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography and provide for establishment of Special Courts for trial of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Source: NCPCR writes to Manipur DGP, seeks FIR against CPM leader, 2 others