What is the National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)?

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Overview:

The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is set to unveil the BhashaNet portal at the upcoming Universal Acceptance (UA) Day in a move towards advancing digital inclusion and promoting linguistic diversity in India.

About National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)

  • It was established in 2003 as a not-for-profit organization under the Companies Act 2013.
  • NIXI was set up to extend the use of Internet Service Protocols (ISPs) for the purpose of routing domestic traffic within the country instead of taking it all the way abroad, thereby resulting in a better quality of service (reduced latency) and reduced bandwidth charges for ISPs by saving on international bandwidth.
  • It is tasked to increase Internet penetration and adoption in India by facilitating the various infrastructure aspects to enable the Internet ecosystem to be managed and used by the masses.
  • .IN is India’s Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD). The Government of India delegated the operations of INRegistry to NIXI in 2004. The INRegistry operates and manages India’s.IN ccTLD.
  • Another activity being carried out by NIXI is that of National Internet Registry (NIR). The NIR is known as the Indian Registry for Internet Names and Numbers (IRINN).
  • It offers IXPs towards building Internet Exchange Points.

What is Universal Acceptance (UA) Day?

  • Held annually and organized by the community-led Universal Acceptance Steering Group (UASG) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), UA Day was established as a means to rally local, regional, and global stakeholders to spread awareness and encourage UA adoption through a mix of virtual, in-person, and hybrid informational and training sessions.
    • UA is a technical requirement that ensures all valid domain names and email addresses, regardless of script, language, or character length, can be equally used by all Internet-enabled applications, devices, and systems.
    • Achieving UA ensures everybody has the ability to experience the full social and economic power of the Internet using their chosen domain name and email address that best align with their interests, business, culture, language, and script.
  • The first UA Day was held on 28 March 2023 and marked the first time a diverse set of technical and language communities, companies, governments, and Domain Name System (DNS) industry stakeholders mobilized to champion UA and a multilingual Internet on a global scale.

Q1) What is Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)?

It is the global organization responsible for managing the coordination and administration of the Internet's unique identifiers. It oversees several functions, including the allocation of IP addresses, management of the domain name system (DNS), and the coordination of the assignment of domain names

Source: National Internet Exchange to unveil BhashaNet portal on Universal Acceptance Day