National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) portal

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Overview:

Recently, the Chief Justice of India announced the onboarding of the Supreme Court on the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) in open court.

About National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) portal:

  • The NJDG portal is a national repository of data relating to cases instituted, pending and disposed of by the courts across the length and breadth of the country.
  • In this portal one may access case related information, statistics such as institution, pendency and disposal of cases, case-types, year-wise break-up of the Supreme Court of India.
  • It is a database of orders, judgments and case details of 18,735 District & Subordinate Courts and High Courts created as an online platform under the e-Courts Project.
  • It has been developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC) in close coordination with the in-house software development team of the Computer Cell Registry with an interactive interface and analytics dashboard.
  • The entire database shall be periodically updated on the NJDG portal.
  • NJDG works as a monitoring tool to identify, manage & reduce pendency of cases.
  • It helps to provide timely inputs for making policy decisions to reduce delays in disposing of cases and helps in reducing case pendency.
  • It also facilitates better monitoring of court performance and systemic bottlenecks, and, thus, serves as an efficient resource management tool. To track cases related to land disputes.

What is e-Courts Project?

  • It was conceptualised on the basis of the “National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary – 2005” submitted by e-Committee, Supreme Court of India.
  • E-committee is a body constituted by the Government of India in pursuance of a proposal received from the Hon'ble the Chief Justice of India to constitute an eCommittee to assist him in formulating a National Policy on computerisation of the Indian Judiciary and advise on technological communication and management-related changes.
  • It is a Pan-India Project, monitored and funded by the Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India for the District Courts across the country.

Q1: What is Indian Penal Code?

It is a criminal code of India that provides a comprehensive list of criminal offenses and their punishments. It was enacted in 1860 during British colonial rule and has since been amended several times. The IPC defines various crimes, their classifications, and penalties, and it is an essential legal document in the Indian legal system. 

Source: The flagship e-Courts project completes the full circle with the Supreme Court of India onboarding the National Judicial Data Grid portal