About the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR):
- It was established by the Indian government in 2013 to bring together all segments of the disaster risk community in India, including government officials, parliamentarians, mayors, the media, international agencies, non-governmental organisations, representatives from local communities, scientific and academic institutions, and corporate businesses, among others.
- The theme of this year’s session: “Building Local Resilience in a Changing Climate
- Functions: It facilitates the exchange of experiences, views, and ideas, presents the results of research and action, and explores the possibility of cooperating across continents.
- As a result of this platform, National Action Plans on Disaster Risk Reduction will have a strategic direction and an action plan.
- Organisational Structure: The Union Home Minister chairs the NPDRR, which is also headed by the Minister of State in charge of Disaster Management in the Ministry of Home Affairs and Vice-Chairman of, the National Disaster Management Authority.
- In the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Special Secretary/Additional Secretary/Joint Secretary responsible for the Disaster Management Division acts as the convener of NPDRR.
Q1) What is a disaster?
Disasters are serious disruptions to the functioning of a community that exceeds its capacity to cope using its resources. Disasters can be caused by natural, man-made and technological hazards.