National Population Register (NPR)

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According to the Union Home Ministry Annual Report, there is a need to update the National Population Register (NPR) again to incorporate the changes due to birth, death and migration for which demographic and other particulars of each family and individual are to be collected.

About National Population Register (NPR):

  • The National Population Register (NPR) is a register of usual residents of the country.
  • It includes both Indian citizens as well as a foreign citizen.
  • According to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003, a usual resident is a person who has resided in a local area for the past 6 months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more.
  • It is being prepared at the local (Village/sub-Town), sub-District, District, State and National level under provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.


  • The first National Population Register was prepared in 2010 and updation of this data was done during 2015 by conducting door to door survey.
  • The next update of the NPR will take place next year from April to September 2020 in all the States/UTs except Assam along with the Houselisting phase of the Census 2021.

Details required for NPR:

  • The demographic details of every individual are required on 21 points which includes 'date and place of birth of parents', last place of residence, Permanent Account Number (PAN), Aadhar (on a voluntary basis), Voter ID card number, Driving License Number and Mobile Number.
  • In the last NPR done in 2010, the data was collected on the 15 points and it did not include 'date and place of birth of parents' and last place of residence.

Source : The Hindu