National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO)

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The Central Government recently appointed former Special Protection Group (SPG) chief as the Chairman of the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO).

About National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO):

  • It is a technical intelligence Agency under the National Security Advisor in the Prime Minister's Office, India.
  • It was formed in 2004 to strengthen the country's national security apparatus.
  • It is under the direct control of the Prime Minister's Office and operates as an autonomous organization.
  • Primary Objective: Gather technical intelligence, which involves intercepting and analyzing communications signals, imagery intelligence, and cyber intelligence.
  • Other Functions:
    • It also provides technical assistance to other intelligence agencies in the country, including the Intelligence Bureau and Research and Analysis Wing.
    • It is responsible for maintaining a database of information related to technology and developing advanced tools and techniques for intelligence gathering.
    • It also conducts research and development activities in the field of technical intelligence.
  • NTRO is headed by a Chairman who reports directly to the Prime Minister of India.
  • Its headquarters is located in New Delhi, and it has operational centres in various parts of the country.

Key Facts about Special Protection Group (SPG):

  • It is entrusted with the task of providing proximate security to the Prime Minister of India, the former Prime Minister and their immediate family members.
  • It was formed in 1985 after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi as an executive body on the recommendation of the Birbal Nath committee.
  • Later on, it became a statutory body under Special Protection Group Act 1988.
  • Governance:
    • It is governed by the Cabinet secretariat of India.
    • SPG chief is an officer of the rank of inspector-general.


Q1) What is imagery intelligence?

Imagery intelligence is intelligence derived from the exploitation of imagery collected by visual photography, infrared, lasers, multi-spectral sensors, and radar. These sensors produce images of objects optically, electronically, or digitally on film, electronic display devices, or other media.

Source: Former Special Protection Group chief Arun Sinha appointed as National Technical Research Organisation Chairman