A young male tiger recently died in a road hit near Murdoli village in the buffer zone of the Nawegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve.
About Nawegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve:
- Location: It is situated in Gondia and Shandara Districts of Maharashtra.
- It was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1970. In 2012, state government announced to merging this sanctuary with another national park to include in Tiger Project, now called as Nagzira Navegoan Tiger Reserve.
- It comprises Nawegaon National Park, Nawegaon Wildlife Sanctuary, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary, New Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Koka Wildlife Sanctuary.
- It is connected with many surrounding tiger reserves like Pench, Kanha, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Indravati Tiger Reserve etc.
- Topography: The topography is undulating, and the highest point viz. ‘Zenda Pahad’ is around 702 m above Mean Sea Level.
- Vegetation: Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest which includes dry mixed forests to moist forest type.
- Flora: There are 364 species of plants and the major trees are: Terminalia tomentosa, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Anogeisus lotifolia, Pterocarpus marsupium, Diospyrus melanoxylon, Ougeinia oogenesis etc.
- Fauna: The major wild animals are: Tiger, Panther, Small Indian Civet, Palm Civet, Wolf, Jackal, Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Ratel, Common Giant Flying Squirrel, Gaur, Sambar, Chital, Four Horned Antelope, Mouse Deer and Pangolin.
Q1) What is Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest?
A tropical dry deciduous forest is a specific type of biome found in regions with tropical climates characterized by distinct wet and dry seasons. This type of forest is adapted to the challenges of seasonal changes in rainfall and water availability. Deciduous trees shed their leaves during the dry season to conserve water and energy. This adaptation helps the trees survive the water scarcity and higher temperatures of the dry season.