National Commission for Protection of Child Rights

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Overview:

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights has sought action against an app for allegedly disseminating explicit and objectionable material, including content targeted at children.

About National Commission for Protection of Child Rights

  • It has been constituted by the Government of India, under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
  • Mandate: The Commission is mandated under section 13 of the CPCR Act, 2005 "to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child."
  •  It is also mandated to monitor the proper and effective implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012; Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 and Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009.
  • Composition
    • A chairperson who, is a person of eminence and has done outstanding work for promoting the welfare of children
    • Six members, out of which at least two are woman, from the following fields, is appointed by the Central Government from amongst person of eminence, ability, integrity, standing and experience in Education, Child health, care, welfare or child development; Juvenile justice or care of neglected or marginalized children or children with disabilities, Elimination of child labour or children in distress, Child psychology or sociology; and Laws relating to children.
    • These members are appointed by the Central Government for a term of 3 years.
  • Nodal Ministry: It works under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Q1) What is the POCSO act?

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO for short) was passed in 2012 to comprehensively deal with the issue of sexual offences against children. POCSO not only spells out the punishments for offences, but also sets out a system for support of victims and improved methods for catching offenders.

Source: NCPCR seeks action against an app for distributing obscene content