Neglected Tropical Diseases

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Prelims: Government Schemes
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About Neglected Tropical Diseases

  • Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of tropical infections which are common in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
  • They are caused by a variety of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, protozoa and parasitic worms (helminths).
  • There are a diverse group of 20 diseases that are affecting more than 1 billion people who live in impoverished communities.
  • They include Buruli ulcer, Chagas  Dengue, Chikungunya, Echinococcosis; foodborne trematodes; human African trypanosomiasis; leishmaniasis; leprosy; Lymphatic filariasis, mycetoma, etc.

Global Initiative to end NTDs

  • The WHO’s new road map for 2021–2030 calls for three strategic shifts to end NTDs:
  • From measuring process to measuring impact.
  • From disease-specific planning and programming to collaborative work across sectors.
  • From externally driven agendas reliant on programmes that are country-owned and country-financed


Q1) What is Chikangunya?

Chikungunya is a viral disease which spreads to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms of infection are fever and joint pain.

Source: Neglected Tropical Diseases Day: Poorest countries continue to be most affected, says WHO