Key facts about Netravati River

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The principal bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in New Delhi has initiated action on the Netravati Waterfront Promenade Development Project in Mangaluru.

About Netravati River

  • Origin: It rises between Kudrermukh and Ballalaryan Durga in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka at an elevation of about 1000 m.
  • It flows generally in a North-South direction for 40 km up to Gohattu, where it takes a turn towards the West and there after flows in East-West direction up to its out fall into the Arabian Sea near Mangalore.
  • Tributary: The Kumaradhara, a major left-bank tributary joins near the village Uppinangadi.
  • The climate of the basin is characterized by heavy rainfall, high humidity, and oppressive weather in the hot season.

What is National Green Tribunal?

  • It has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.
  • It is mandated to make disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of the filing of the same.
  • Composition
    • It comprises the Chairperson, the Judicial Members, and the Expert Members.
    • They shall hold office for a term of 5 years and are not eligible for reappointment.
    • The Chairperson is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI).
    • A Selection Committee shall be formed by the central government to appoint the Judicial Members and Expert Members.
    • There are to be at least 10 and a maximum of 20 full-time Judicial members and Expert Members in the tribunal.
  • New Delhi is the Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal, and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai shall be the other four places of sitting of the Tribunal.

Q1) What are Tribunals in India?

Tribunals are judicial or quasi-judicial institutions established by law. They intend to provide a platform for faster adjudication as compared to traditional courts, as well as expertise on certain subject matters. It performs a number of functions, like adjudicating disputes, determining rights between contesting parties, making an administrative decision, reviewing an existing administrative decision, and so forth.

Source: Netravati riverfront project: NGT takes cognisance of CRZ & environmental norm violation allegations, seeks report