Key Facts about Nicaragua

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At least 20 passengers from Gujarat who were on the Nicaragua-bound flight, which was sent back mid-route from France recently, were questioned by the police in an attempt to unearth a suspected illegal immigration network.

About Nicaragua

  • It is a country in Central America and the largest of the Central American republics.
  • Borders:
    • The country is bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south.
    • The Pacific Ocean provides the border to the west, and the eastern border of the country is in the Caribbean Sea.
  • History:
    • It was the only country in Latin America to be colonized by both the Spanish and the British.
    • It gained its independence from Spain in 1821 and became part of the Mexican Empire for several years.
    • Then it joined a group of nearby countries with a central government in Guatemala City called the Provinces of Central America.
    • Nicaragua split from the group in 1838 and became fully independent.
  • Form of Government:
    • It is a Republic. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term.
    • Power is divided among four governmental branches: the executive, legislative, judicial, and Supreme Electoral Council.
  • Capital: Managua
  • Official Languages: Spanish, English, indigenous languages
  • Currency: Nicaraguan córdoba (NIO)
  • Population:
    • It is made up mostly of mestizos (people of mixed European and indigenous ancestry).
    • Most people live in the western Pacific lowland region between the Pacific coast and Lake Managua.

Q1) What is immigration?

Immigration is the act of moving from one's home country to another nation with the intention of settling there permanently. Immigrants may or may not become citizens of their new countries of residence. In the United States, immigrants may become naturalized citizens or remain legally as permanent or conditional residents. People in the country without permission are considered undocumented immigrants. Tourists, foreign students, and others who visit or reside in a country temporarily are not considered immigrants.

Source: Gujarat Police quizzes 20 passengers of Nicaragua-bound flight sent back by France