UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OHCA)

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Overview:

According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OHCA) Israeli settler violence has increased significantly, from an already high average of three incidents per day in 2023 to seven a day now.

About UN OHCA

  • It was established by the General assembly of the United Nations in 1991.
  • It is responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies.
  • It also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.
  • It replaced the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator (UNDRO).
  • On-Site Operations Coordination Centres (OSOCC), an OCHA tool, provides a platform for the coordination of international response activities immediately following a sudden-onset emergency or a rapid change in a complex emergency.
  • Funds: There are two types of pooled funds:
    • Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which can fund an emergency anywhere in the world.
    • Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPFs) which are country specific.

Q1) What is the United Nations (UN)?

It is an international organization founded in 1945 after World War II to promote peace, security, cooperation, and collaboration among nations. Its primary purposes, as outlined in its charter, are to maintain international peace and security, promote social progress and better living standards, uphold international law, and provide a platform for countries to work together on common global challenges.

Source: Rise in intimidation and settler violence in the West Bank, warns OCHA