Recently, the Prime Minister of India for saluting the immortal tribal revolutionaries on Hul Diwas used the Ol Chiki script of Santhali language.
About Ol Chiki script:
- It was created in 1925 by Raghunath Murmu (1905-1982), writer and teacher from what is Mayurbhanj State (now part of Odisha) in India as a way to write Santali a Munda language.
- Ol Chiki is also known as Ol Cemet', Ol Ciki, Ol or the Santali alphabet.
- It was created as a way to promote Santali culture.
- The script was first publicized in 1939 at the Mayurbhanj State exhibition.
- Murmu published over 150 books in Santali in the Ol Chiki script, including novels, poetry, drama, grammars, dictionaries and other information about the language and script.
- Santali is also written with the Latin, Odia, Bengali and Devanagari alphabets.
- Santhali language is spoken mainly in Jharkhand and West Bengal states in northern India, and also in northwestern Bangladesh, eastern Nepal and Bhutan.
Key facts about Hul Diwas
- The Santal rebellion or ‘Hul’ – literally, revolution – began in 1855 two years before the uprising of 1857.
- It was an “organised war against colonialism” led by the Santals, standing against the myriad forms of economic oppression
- It was led by two brothers Sidhu and Kanhu.
- It saw the participation of as many as 32 castes and communities rallying behind them.
Q1) What is special about Munda Tribes?
The Munda tribe has its own distinct language called Mundari, which belongs to the Austro-Asiatic language family. They have a rich cultural heritage and follow their traditional customs, rituals, and social practices. Music and dance play an important role in their cultural expression.