Paira Cropping System

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Overview:

A unique conservation agricultural practice, Paira cropping system has dwindled in recent years due to climate change.

About Paira cropping system:

  • The utera/paira is a type of cropping which is commonly practiced in Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
  • It is a kind of relay method of sowing in which lentil/ lathyrus/ urdbean/ mungbean seeds are broadcast in the standing crop of rice about 2 weeks before its harvest.
  • This system does not allow agronomic intervention such as tillage, weeding, irrigation and fertilizer However, rice variety decides the productivity of pulses in this system.
  • Advantages:
    • This practice enables us to use better soil moisture available at the time of harvesting of rice crops, which could otherwise be lost quickly.
    • Experimental evidence showed that paira cropping produced more yield of lentil than planting with tillage after harvesting of the rice crop.
    • This is an efficient way of utilising resources for sustainable crop intensification and boosting land productivity.

What is the Relay cropping method?

  • It is a method of multiple cropping where one crop is seeded into standing second crop well before harvesting of second crop.
  • It can solve a number of conflicts such as inefficient use of available resources, controversies in sowing time, fertilizer application and soil degradation.

Q1: What is Intercropping?

It is the practice of growing two or more crops in proximity. The most common goal of intercropping is to produce a greater yield on a given piece of land by making effective use of resources without affecting the yield of the main crop.

Source : How Odisha is promoting climate-resilient agriculture through rice fallow initiative