Four soft-release centers for Cheetals are under construction in Jharkhand’s Palamu Tiger Reserve (PTR) for augmenting the prey base for predators, especially tigers.
About Palamu Tiger Reserve:
- It is located in the Chhota Nagpur plateau region of Jharkhand.
- The reserve forms a part of the Betla National Park.
- It is one of the first 9 tiger reserves created in the country at the inception of ‘Project Tiger’.
- It is the first reserve in the world in which a tiger census was carried out as a pugmark count, as early as 1932 under the supervision of J.W. Nicholson
- Three rivers namely North Koyal, Auranga and Burha flow through the valleys.
- The area is draught drone with Burha being the only perennial river.
- The Reserve is very rich in minerals like Bauxite and Coal.
- It is primarily dominated by Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous, Sal Forest and its associates.
- Smaller patches of Northern tropical Moist Deciduous forests exist too in the Reserve.
- Flora: Shorea robusta, Acacia catechu, Madhuca indica, Terminalia tomentosa, Butea monosperma, Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeisus latifolia, Indigofera pulchela etc.
- Fauna: Some keystone and principal species found in the reserve include Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Leopard, Grey wolf, Wild dog, Gaur, Sloth bear and four horned antelope.
Key facts about Cheetal
- The spotted deer or chital is the most common deer species in Indian forests.
- They live in dense forests, forested valleys and also prefer open grasslands, savannas, and plantations.
- Conservation status
- IUCN: Least concern
Q1) What is Tropical dry deciduous?
Tropical dry deciduous forests are a type of forest ecosystem that is characterized by a distinct dry season, followed by a period of heavy rainfall. These forests are found in regions with a tropical climate, typically between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, where they experience a marked seasonality in precipitation.