Palamu Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

The tiger which was trapped by a camera in the Palamu Tiger Reserve (PTR) recently is reportedly a new one and not the one that was captured this year.

About Palamu Tiger Reserve

  • Location: Chhota Nagpur plateau region of Jharkhand.
  • The reserve forms a part of the Betla National Park.
  • It is one of the first 9 tiger reserves created in the country at the inception of ‘Project Tiger’.
  • It is the first reserve in the world in which a tiger census was carried out as a pugmark count, as early as 1932 under the supervision of J.W. Nicholson.
  • Three rivers namely North Koyal, Auranga and Burha flow through the valleys.
  • The Reserve is very rich in minerals like Bauxite and Coal.
  • Vegetation:
    • It is primarily dominated by Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous, Sal Forest and its associates.
    • Smaller patches of Northern tropical Moist Deciduous forests exist too in the Reserve.
  • Flora: Shorea robusta, Acacia catechu, Madhuca indica, Terminalia tomentosa, Butea monosperma, Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeisus latifolia, Indigofera pulchela etc.
  • Fauna: Some keystone and principal species found in the reserve include Tiger, Asiatic Elephant and Leopard, Grey wolf, Wild dog, Gaur, Sloth bear and four horned antelope etc

Q1) What are Tropical moist deciduous forests?

These are a type of forest found in regions with high temperatures and high rainfall, typically in tropical and subtropical areas. These forests are characterized by a mix of broadleaf trees that shed their leaves during a specific season or under certain environmental conditions.

Source: PTR tigers caught on camera in Mar, Nov different’