Pantoea Tagorei

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Recently, a team of researchers from Kolkata's Visva-Bharati has identified a new species of bacteria which has been named Pantoea Tagorei in homage to Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore.

About Pantoea Tagorei

  • It was discovered from soil samples collected in the Jharia coal mines.
  • Characteristics
    • It has unique properties beneficial for plant growth.
    • It not only solubilizes potassium but also replenishes nitrogen and solubilizes phosphorus.
    • The team has conducted experiments by introducing this bacterium to farmers, who have expressed satisfaction with the positive results.
  • Significance: This bacteria marks a significant stride toward fostering environmentally friendly agricultural methods.

Key points about Rabindranath Tagore

  • He was a world-renowned poet, litterateur, philosopher and Asia’s first Nobel laureate.
  • He was born in Kolkata on May 7, 1861. 
  • He was popularly known as Bard of Bengal and Gurudev.
  • He introduced new prose and verse forms and the use of colloquial language into Bengali literature, thereby freeing it from traditional models based on classical Sanskrit.
  • He was highly influential in introducing Indian culture to the West and vice versa.
  • Awards:
    • He was awarded a knighthood in 1915, but he repudiated it in 1919 as a protest against the Amritsar (Jallianwalla Bagh) Massacre.
    • In 1913 he became the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • Viswa Bharti University, which was known as Shantiniketan founded by Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Rabindranath Tagore wrote India's national anthem, Jana Gana Mana. He also wrote Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem for Bangla The Sri Lankan national anthem was inspired by his work.
  • Tagore’s most notable work of poetry is Gitanjali: Song Offerings, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. 

Q1) What is Bacteria ?

These are small single-celled organisms. Bacteria are found almost everywhere on Earth and are vital to the planet's ecosystems. Some species can live under extreme conditions of temperature and pressure. The human body is full of bacteria, and in fact is estimated to contain more bacterial cells than human cells. Most bacteria in the body are harmless, and some are even helpful. A relatively small number of species cause disease.

Source: Pantoea Tagorei: Visva-Bharati researchers name a bacteria after Rabindranth Tagore that helps plants