Importance of Parakram Diwas:
- It is observed to mark the 51st anniversary of India's victory in the Longewala battle during the 1971 war.
- The Longewala battle between India and Pakistan in 1971 was one of the biggest and most decisive battles.
- On the night of 04/05 Dec 1971, Pakistan forces comprising 4000 soldiers, T-59 & Sherman tanks, and a medium artillery battery attacked Longewala border post held by 23 PUNJAB.
- Inspite of being outnumbered, Indian soldiers gallantly held the post and requisitioned support of IAF.
- At the dawn of 5th Dec 1971, the Hunter aircraft based at Jaisalmer wreaked havoc on the Pakistani troops with their devastating fire power.
Q1) What is the significance of Parakram Diwas?
The Indian government in 2021 declared that the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, a prominent Indian freedom fighter, will be celebrated annually as "Parakram Diwas". The decision was taken to honour the contributions of Bose towards India's freedom struggle.
Source: All India Radio