Parakram Diwas

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The Prime Minister of India has extended greetings to the people of India on Parakram Diwas.

About Parakram Diwas

  • It is celebrated on January 23 to commemorate the birth anniversary of freedom fighter Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • This year marks the 127th birth anniversary of Bose, fondly known as ‘Netaji’. 
  • Parakram Diwas aims to instil fearlessness and patriotism, especially among the youth, inspiring them to stand strong in the face of challenges.

Key points about Subhas Chandra Bose

  • He was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa.
  • In 1920, he passed the civil service examination, but in April 1921, after hearing of the nationalist turmoil in India, he resigned from his position.
  • He was an Indian nationalist leader who was a key figure in the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. 
  • Bose then joined the Indian National Congress and actively participated in the Indian independence movement.
  • President of Indian National Congress: Bose was elected president of the Indian National Congress for two consecutive terms but resigned from the post following ideological conflicts with Mahatma Gandhi.
  • In 1939, he formed the Forward Bloc, an organization aimed at unifying all the anti-British forces in India.
  • At the outset of the Second World War, he fled from India and traveled to the Soviet Union, Germany and Japan, seeking an alliance with the aim of attacking the British in India.
  • With Japanese assistance, he reorganized and later led the Indian National Army, formed from Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from Malaya, Singapore, and other parts of Southeast Asia, against British forces. 
  • Also with Japanese monetary, political, diplomatic, and military assistance, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile, and regrouped, and led the Indian National Army in battle against the allies at Imphal and in Burma.

Q1) What is Civil disobedience?

It is the refusal to obey the demands or commands of a government or occupying power, without resorting to violence or active measures of opposition; its usual purpose is to force concessions from the government or occupying power. 

Source: Prime Minister extends greetings to the people of India on Parakram Diwas