Pench Tiger Reserve

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As many as 129 species of butterflies were recorded during a citizen science-based survey at Pench Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Maharashtra's Nagpur district.

About Pench Tiger Reserve:

  • It is located in the Nagpur district of Maharashtra which derives its name from its lifeline - the River Pench.
  • Pench River divides the reserve into almost two halves.
  • The Reserve is located in the southern reaches of the Satpura hills in the Seoni and Chhindwara districts in Madhya Pradesh and continues in Nagpur district in Maharashtra as a separate Sanctuary. 
  • Fauna: Tiger, Leopard, Sloth bear, Indian gaur, Wild dog, wolf etc.
  • Flora: It has a mixture of Southern dry broadleaf teak forests and tropical mixed deciduous forests are present.

What are Deciduous forests?

  • A deciduous forest is a biome dominated by deciduous trees which lose their leaves seasonally.
  • The Earth has temperate deciduous forests, and tropical and subtropical deciduous forests, also known as dry forests.
  • Another name for these forests is broad-leaf forests because of the wide, flat leaves on the trees.
  • Trees in tropical deciduous forests lose their leaves in the dry season and regrow them in the rainy season. In temperate deciduous forests, trees lose their leaves in the fall and regrow them in the spring.
  • Deciduous forests are home to trees such as oak, birch, beech, aspen, elm and maple. Tropical and subtropical forests also have teak trees, palm trees and bamboo.


Q1) How did the Satpura mountains form?

In India the mountain ranges of Satpura found in the central- western part of the Indian sub continent are block mountains, having formed through cracks in the earth's crust, these ranges rose while the block of earth known as the Rift Valley depressed.

Source: Maharashtra: 129 Species Of Butterflies Recorded During Survey At Pench Tiger Reserve