Peregrine Lander

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Peregrine Lander Blog Image


The Peregrine Lunar Lander was launched aboard the United Launch Alliance's Vulcan rocket to embark on its pioneering journey to explore the Moon.

About Peregrine Lander

  • It is designed to carry scientific instruments and other payloads to the Moon's surface, specifically targeting the Sinus Viscositatis region.
  • This area, also known as the Bay of Stickiness, lies adjacent to the Gruitheisen Domes near the Oceanus Procellarum, or Ocean of Storms.
  • Aim: To locate water molecules on the moon, measure radiation and gases around the lander, and evaluate the lunar exosphere (the thin layer of gases on the moon's surface)”
  • The mission's scientific goals are ambitious:
    • To analyze the lunar exosphere, assess the thermal properties and hydrogen content of the lunar regolith, study magnetic fields, examine the radiation environment, and test advanced solar arrays.
  • Peregrine Mission 1 will transport approximately ten payloads, with a total mass capacity of 90 kilograms.
  • The scientific payload features cutting-edge instruments such as the Laser Retro-Reflector Array (LRA), Linear Energy Transfer Spectrometer (LETS), Near-Infrared Volatile Spectrometer System (NIRVSS), PROSPECT Ion-Trap Mass Spectrometer (PITMS), and Neutron Spectrometer System (NSS).

Q1) What is the Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA)?

It is designed to use reflected laser light from orbiting spacecraft laser (typically a laser altimeter or light detection and ranging - lidar) to precisely determine the location of the lander, as a fiducial marker, and the distance to that point on the lunar surface with respect to the orbiter. The retroreflectors reflect any light striking them directly back to the source. They can be tracked by an orbiting laser altimeter or lidar from a few hundred kilometers.

Source: Nasa launches Peregrine lander to explore Moon's 'Bay of Stickiness'