Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR)

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With a view to augmenting the local fish wealth, the Forest department is launching a project to plant chosen varieties of trees by the lakeside at the Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR).

About Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR):


  • Location: It is located in the Western Ghats of Kerala.
  • It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978.
  • It gets its name from the River Periyar which has its origin deep inside the reserve.
  • Two main rivers, Pamba and Periyar drain the reserve.
  • It is home to many tribal communities including the Mannans and the Palians.
  • Terrain: Hilly and undulating with a maximum altitude of 2016 m.
  • Vegetation: It consists of tropical evergreen, semi- evergreen and moist deciduous.
  • Flora:
    • There are more than 171 species of grasses.
    • Important flora includes teak, mangoes, rosewood, jamun, jacarandas, terminalias, tamarind, royal ponciana, bamboo etc.
  • Fauna:
    • Includes Elephants, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Gaur, Mouse Deer, Dole or Barking Deer, Indian Wild Dog and Tiger.
    • The major four species of primates are also found at Periyar - the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur, Gee's Golden Langur, Common Langur and Bonnet Macaque.
    • It Is also being considered as the habitat of the elusive Nilgiri Tahr.


Q1) What is Nilgiri Tahr?

Nilgiri Tahr is the only Caprinae species found in the tropical mountains of southern.They are endemic to the Western Ghats and used to inhabit a large part of the Western Ghats between Kerala and Tamil Nadu. They are classified as Endangered under the IUCN Red List.

Source: Forest dept. embarks on project to conserve, augment fish wealth of Periyar Tiger Reserve