Phenome India Project

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Recently, CSIR concluded the first phase of its longitudinal health monitoring project, Phenome India, and organised a special event, Phenome India Unboxing 1.0.

About 'Phenome India' Project:

  • Phenome India-CSIR Health Cohort Knowledgebase (PI-CheCK) is an initiative by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), launched on 7th December 2023.
  • Objective: The project aims to develop India-specific risk prediction models for cardio-metabolic diseases including diabetes, liver diseases, and cardiac diseases.
  • This is the first-ever pan-India longitudinal health monitoring study focused on cardio-metabolic diseases.
  • Participants: Nearly 10,000 participants including CSIR employees, pensioners, and their spouses from across 17 states and 24 cities have contributed to the study.
    • The collected data includes clinical questionnaires, lifestyle and dietary habits, anthropometric measurements, imaging/scanning data, and extensive biochemical and molecular data.
  • Importance: The study is crucial for understanding the risk and incidence of cardio-metabolic disorders in the Indian population which may differ from those in Western populations due to ethnic diversity and varied lifestyle patterns.
  • Precision medicine initiative: Through this project, CSIR is promoting Predictive, Personalised, Participatory, and Preventive (P4) healthcare, tailored specifically to the Indian phenotypic and genetic profiles.
  • About the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR):
    • Established: In September 1942.
    • Headquarters: Located in New Delhi.
    • Funding: CSIR is funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
    • Autonomous body: It operates as an autonomous body under the Societies Registration Act, of 1860.
    • Objectives:
    • CSIR is primarily focused on scientific research and development in various fields such as aerospace, biology, chemistry, earth sciences, engineering, and medical sciences.
  • Organisational structure:
    • President: The Prime Minister of India (Ex-officio)
    • Vice President: The Union Minister of Science and Technology (Ex-officio)
    • Governing body:
    • Head: The Director-General leads the governing body.
    • Other Ex-officio member: The finance secretary (expenditures).
    • Term duration: Other members serve terms of three years.
    • CSIR Advisory Board:
    • A 15-member body comprising prominent experts from various scientific and technological fields.
    • The board’s role is to provide science and technology insights to the governing body.

Member terms also span three years.

Source: CSIR's 'Phenome India' project hits the target with 10k samples; aims for new era in precision medicine