Pir Panjal Valley

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Militants changed tack in Jammu and Kashmir and inflicted more casualties on the Army compared to other security wings this year by turning the Pir Panjal Valley into a new battleground.

About Pir Panjal Valley:

  • It is a mountain range in the northern Indian subcontinent.
  • It starts in Ramban and extends westward in the south of Jammu and Kashmir (Vale of Kashmir) to the last extremity of Muzaffarabad District.
  • It isrising sharply to an average elevation of more than 13,000 feet (4,000 meters).
  • It separates the Jammu Hills to the south from the Vale of Kashmir, beyond which lie the Great Himalayas.
  • It separates itself from the Himalayas near the bank of the Sutlej river and forms a divide between the rivers Beas and Ravi on one side and the Chenab on the other.
  • Major passes: Six historical passes, Hajipir Pass, Gulabgarh Pass, Ratanpir Pass, Pir Panjal Pass, Banihal Pass, and Bairam Gala Pass are in this mountain range.
  • Important peaks: Deo Tibba (6,001 m) and Indrasan (6,221m) are two important peaks at the eastern end of the mountain range.

Q1) What is Hindu Kush Himalayas?

This region encompasses Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.It is considered the Third Pole (after the North and South Poles) and has significant implications for climate. It contains the largest volume of ice and snow outside of the Arctic and Antarctica.The ice and snow from this region are an important source of water for 12 rivers that flow through 16 countries in Asia.

Source:Militants turn Pir Panjal Valley into new battleground