Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan

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Recently, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister of India has approved Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN) with a total outlay of Rs.24,104 crore.

About Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN)

  • The PM-JANMAN (comprising Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes) to focus on 11 critical interventions through 9 Ministries including the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
  • The scheme aims to provide crucial interventions such as permanent housing, road connectivity, piped water supply, mobile medical units, hostel construction, ‘Anganwadi’ facilities and skill development centres etc.
  • Other than the 11 critical intervention the following intervention of other Ministries will be part of Mission:
  • Ministry of Ayush will set up Ayush Wellness Centre as per existing norms and Ayush facilities will be extended to PVTG habitations through Mobile Medical Units.
  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship will facilitate skill and vocational training in PVTG habitations, multipurpose centres and hostels as per the suitable skills of these communities.

Key points about Scheduled Tribes

  • As per the 2011 census, India has ST population of 10.45 crore, out of which 75 communities are located in 18 States and in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands have been categorized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • PVTGs are a more vulnerable group among tribal groups in India.
  • These groups have primitive traits, geographical isolation, low literacy, zero to negative population growth rate and backwardness.
  • They are largely dependent on hunting for food and a pre-agriculture level of technology.
  • In 1973, the Dhebar Commission set up a separate category for Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs). 

Q1) Who are PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups) ?

PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups who are in need of greater support and development. Out of the 705 Scheduled Tribes in India, 75 have been identified as PVTGs and are spread across 17 states and one Union Territory.

Source: Cabinet approves Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan