Papikonda National Park

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Overview:

Recently, a lone male tiger safely entered its natural habitat of Papikonda National Park (PNP) from the Eluru district side.

About Papikonda National Park

  • It is located in East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The area plays a key role in high precipitation and the consequent origin of various small streams and rivulets which drain and enrich the perennial River Godavari.
  • A unique dwarf breed of goat known locally as the “kanchu mekha” originates in this region.
  • It was declared as a national park only recently in 2008.
  • The national park has been recognized as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area by BirdLife International.
  • Vegetation:
    • Dry Mixed Teak Forests, Southern dry mixed deciduous forests and Southern moist mixed deciduous forests.
    • The predominant and most extensive forest type found in the park is Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous type and the species found in this type are mainly dry deciduous species.
  • Flora: Some species of flora include Albizia Amara, Latifolia, Albizia Lebbeck, Terminalias, Tectona Grandis, Lagerstroemia Lanceolata, Tomentosa, Arundinacea, Bambusa, Albizzia Amara, Dendrocalamus Strictus, Pterocarpus among others.
  • Fauna: Tiger, Leopard, Hyena and vulnerable bovidae the Indian gaur area. It has species like sambar, barking deer, chowsinga, spotted deer etc.

Q1) What is a Deciduous forest? 

A deciduous forest is a biome dominated by deciduous trees which lose their leaves seasonally. The Earth has temperate deciduous forests, and tropical and subtropical deciduous forests, also known as dry forests. Another name for these forests is broad-leaf forests because of the wide, flat leaves on the trees. Trees in tropical deciduous forests lose their leaves in the dry season and regrow them in the rainy season. In temperate deciduous forests, trees lose their leaves in the fall and regrow them in the spring.

Source: Lone tiger walks back to its natural habitat of Papikonda National Park with good health