Polavaram Project

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The Andhra Pradesh High Court recently struck down the Public Interest Litigation (PIL), challenging the Centre’s decision not to bear the Rs 7,214 crore component of the Polavaram project.

About Polavaram Project:

  • It is an under-construction multi-purpose irrigation project on the Godavari River in the Eluru District and East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The project has been accorded National project status by the Union Government of India.
  • Objectives:
    • Development of Irrigation, Hydropower and drinking water facilities in East Godavari, Vishakhapatnam, West Godavari and Krishna districts of Andhra Pradesh. 
    • The project envisages the generation of 960 MW of hydropower, drinking water supply to a population of 28.50 lacks in 611 villages
    • The ultimate irrigation potential of the project is 4.368 lakh ha.
    • The project implements the Godavari-Krishna link under the Interlinking of Rivers project.
    • It envisages the transfer of 80TMC of surplus Godavari water to river Krishna which will be shared between Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.


Q1) What is a Public Interest Litigation (PIL)?

PIL or Public interest litigation is legal action taken by an individual citizen or a group of individual citizens on behalf of a section of the public, such as disadvantaged groups and minorities, or the public in general. PIL is a mechanism of using the law deliberately to effect social change.

Source: PIL on Polavaram project component struck down