Key facts about propane

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Recently, State-run GAIL (India) Ltd. has inked a 15-year agreement with Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (BPCL) to supply propane for its upcoming petrochemical facility in Usar, Maharashtra.

About Propane

  • It is a colourless, easily liquefied, gaseous hydrocarbon (compound of carbon and hydrogen).
  • It is an alkane, which means it consists of only single covalent bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms.
  • It is the third member of the paraffin series following methane and ethane.
  • The chemical formula for propane is C3H8.
  • Source:
    • It is a byproduct of natural gas processing and petroleum refining.
    • It is also produced during the fractional distillation of crude oil.
  • It is commercially available as liquefied propane or as a major constituent of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).
  • It has a high octane rating, making it an excellent choice for spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
  • Application of Propane
    • Its main uses include home and water heating, cooking and refrigerating food, clothes drying, and powering farm and industrial equipment.
    • The chemical industry also uses propane as a raw material for making plastics and other compounds.

Q1) What are Alkynes?

These are a class of organic compounds that belong to the hydrocarbon group, which means they consist primarily of carbon and hydrogen atoms. Alkynes are specifically hydrocarbons containing carbon-carbon triple bonds (C≡C).

Source: GAIL and BPCL sign 63,000 crore rupee propane supply agreement