Prymnesium Parvum

1 min read
Prymnesium Parvum Blog Image

About Prymnesium Parvum:

  • It is a microscopic, single-celled alga with four morphologically distinct forms.
  • Three of the forms are scaled, bi-flagellated, and have a flexible, non-coiling, needle-like filament called a haptonema and the fourth form is a scaled, non-motile, siliceous cyst. 
  • It inhabits a variety of water bodies including rivers, lakes, estuaries, fjords, coastal oceans, and ponds, including eutrophic, alkaline, and brackish waters.
  • It can reproduce rapidly and form a nearly monocultural bloom by releasing toxins into the water that immobilize or kill zooplankton and other phytoplankton to increase available food sources.
  • It can survive in a range of water temperatures, from 5°C to 35°C, with blooms increasing between 10°C to 27°C.
  • It is mixotrophic, supporting its growth with autotrophy (photosynthesis) or heterotrophy if nutrients are scarce.

Key facts about River Oder

  • It originates in the Czech Republic and flows through western Poland.
  • It constitutes the boundary between Poland and Germany before reaching the Baltic Sea via a lagoon north of the Polish city of Szczecin. 


 Q1) What is an Algae?

Algae are defined as a group of predominantly aquatic, photosynthetic, and nucleus-bearing organisms that lack the true roots, stems, leaves, and specialized multicellular reproductive structures of plants.

Source: Oder river ecological disaster that killed hundreds of tonnes of fish in 2022 was human-made: Report