Interest in indigenous cattle breeds like the Pulikulam is reviving which is famous for a local game called Jalikattu in TamilNadu.
About Pulikulam Cattle breed
- It is a popular draught and game breed of Tamil Nadu.
- The cattle originated from Pulikulam, a village located in Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu.
- It is also known as Palingu maadu, Mani maadu, Jallikattu maadu, Mattu maadu and Kilakattu maadu.
- These are maintained as migratory herds, and its draught and manure capabilities play a significant role in the rural livelihood of the communities rearing them for draught and organic agricultural production.
- This breed of cattle is famous for a local game called Jalikattu where bulls are used as a bull-taming sport.
- It is commonly seen in Salem and Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu and part of Bangalore district of Karnataka.
- Pulikulam / Alambadi bulls are dark grey, almost black and cows grey or white.
Other cattle breeds of India
- India has three kinds of cattle.
- There are milch animals in northern India. Middle India has dual purpose animals while southern India has the Mysuru-type animal, mostly used for draught purposes.
- Maharashtra has the Killari, Karnataka has the Amrit Mahal and the Hallikar.
- Tamil Nadu: Pulikulam, Umbalachery, Kangayam Bargur and Alambadi.
Q1) What is Jallikattu?
It is also known as eru thazhuvuthal and mañcuvirattu. The bull-taming sport is popular in Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Theni, Pudukkottai and Dindigul districts — known as the Jallikattu belt. Jallikattu is celebrated in the second week of January, during the Tamil harvest festival, Pongal.