What is a Quasar?

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What is a Quasar? Blog Image


An international team of astronomers said the recently discovered quasar named J0529-4351 was the brightest and fastest-growing quasar discovered so far and had a supermassive black hole about 17 billion times the mass of the Sun.

About Quasar

  • A quasar is an extremely active and luminous type of active galactic nucleus (AGN). 
  • An AGN is nothing more than a supermassive black hole that is activeand feeding at the center of a galaxy. 
  • All quasars are AGNs, but not all AGNs are quasars.
  • Quasars are thought to form in regions of the universe where the large-scale density of matter is much higher than average.
  • They are among the most luminous, powerful, and vibrant objects known in the universe.
  • How are they formed?
    • An active galaxy is one in which the central supermassive black hole is consuming large amounts of matter.
    • The infall of matter into the black hole is so great that all the material can't enter the black hole at the same time, so it forms a queueas a spiraling accretion disk. 
    • The matter—in the form of huge clouds—falls into the disk, with the inner parts of the cloud closer to the black hole orbiting faster than the outer parts (just like planets closer to the sun orbit faster than those farther away). 
    • This creates a shear force that twists the clouds, causing them to bump into their neighbors as they move around the black hole at velocities ranging from 10% of the speed of light up to over 80%.
    • This friction from fast-moving gas clouds generates heat, and the disk becomes so hot—millions of degrees—that it shines brightly. 
    • Some of the material in the disk is also funneled away from the black hole in a highly luminous, magnetically collimated jet.
    • The hot accretion disk and the jet combine to make the nucleus of the active galaxy shine so brightlythat it can be seen far across the universe.
  • The brightest quasars can outshine all of the stars in the galaxies in which they reside, which makes them visible even at distances of billions of light-years.
  • Most quasars have been found billions of light-years away.

Q1) What is a Black Hole?

A black hole is a region in space where the gravitational pull is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape from it once it crosses a certain boundary called the event horizon. As a result, black holes are invisible to the naked eye and can only be detected indirectly by their effect on nearby matter and radiation.

Source: Galaxy gobbler feasting on Sun-size stars: Fastest-growing black hole powering distant quasar