Prime Minister recently paid tributes to Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore on his birth anniversary.
About Rabindranath Tagore:
- He was a world-renowned poet, litterateur, philosopher and Asia’s first Nobel laureate.
- He was born in Kolkata on May 7, 1861.
- He was the son of Debendranath Tagore, a prominent philosopher and religious reformer.
- He was popularly known as Bard of Bengal, and people used to call him Gurudev.
- He introduced new prose and verse forms and the use of colloquial language into Bengali literature, thereby freeing it from traditional models based on classical Sanskrit.
- He was highly influential in introducing Indian culture to the West and vice versa.
- In 1913 he became the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature.
- He was also an influential artist and musician. He wrote around 2230 songs and painted 3000 paintings. His songs are known as Rabindra Sangeet.
- Rabindranath Tagore wrote India's national anthem, Jana Gana Mana. He also wrote Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem for Bangladesh. The Sri Lankan national anthem was inspired by his work.
- He was awarded a knighthood in 1915, but he repudiated it in 1919 as a protest against the Amritsar (Jallianwalla Bagh) Massacre.
- Viswa Bharti University, which was known as Shantiniketan founded by Rabindranath Tagore.
- Major Works:
- Tagore’s most notable work of poetry is Gitanjali: Song Offerings, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.
- Other notable poetry publications include Sonar Tari and Manasi.
- He wrote novels, plays, and short stories in both languages, including the plays Chitra and The Post Office.
- He is credited with pioneering the short story form in Bengali literature, with some of his best work collected in The Hungry Stones and Other Stories and The Glimpses of Bengal Life.
Q1) Who was Debendranath Tagore?
Debendranath Tagore was the founder of the Brahmo Religion in 1843, which today is identical with Brahmoism. This is the youngest religion of India and Bangladesh. Debendranath Tagore was an Indian religious reformer and Hindu philosopher. This Bengali personality is the father of Rabindranath Tagore.