Recently, A constable of the Railway Protection Force (RPF) allegedly shot and killed four people on board the Mumbai-bound Superfast Express train.
About Railway Protection Force:
- The history of the RPF dates back to 1882 when various Railway companies appointed their own guards for protection of Railway property.
- It was declared as statutory force in the year 1957 by an enactment of Parliament and subsequently declared as an armed force of the Union of India in the year 1985.
- In 2003, the RPF partially took up the duties of escorting passenger trains and access control at the railway stations”.
- It is led by a director-general.
- It is an armed force under the operational and administrative control of the Union Ministry of Railways.
- It is tasked with protecting and securing railway property, the passenger areas, and the passengers themselves.
What is the Government Railway Police (GRP)?
- The GRP is a part of the district police force, reporting to the state government.
- It works alongside the RPF, and should, under ideal circumstances, complement and strengthen its operations.
- They are responsible generally for the prevention and detection of crime on railways.
Q1) What is statutory body?
A statutory body, also known as a statutory authority or public authority, is an organization or agency established by law through an Act of Parliament or a legislative body. These bodies are created to perform specific functions or duties on behalf of the government or to regulate certain activities in a particular field. Statutory bodies have legal powers and functions defined by the legislation that brought them into existence.