Rajaji Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

Recently, Union Minister for Environment releases young Tigress from Corbett National Park to Motichur range of Rajaji Tiger Reserve

About Rajaji Tiger Reserve:

  • Location:
    • Rajaji National Park is an Indian national park and tiger reserve spread over three districts of Uttarakhand: Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal.
    • It is situated along the hills and foothills of the Shiwalik ranges and represent the Shiwalik ecosystem.
  • In the year 1983, Rajaji Wildlife Sanctuary was merged with Motichur and Chilla wildlife sanctuaries and made into Rajaji National Park. It was named after the famous freedom fighter Rajgopalachari popularly known as "Rajaji"
  • It's location in a transition zone between temperate western Himalaya and central Himalaya enhances the species diversity.
  • Flora:
    • The area is covered with diverse forest types ranging from semi-evergreen to deciduous and from mixed broad-leaved to Terai grassland and has been classified as Indus-Ganges Monsoon Forest type.
    • Some popular floras found in this park include: Rohini, Palash, Shisham, Sal, Sandan, Khair, Arjun, Baans, Semul, Chamaror etc.
  • Fauna:
    • Rajaji Tiger Reserve has a sizeable population of Tiger and Asian Elephants. It is home to a variety of wild animals like Leopard, Jungle cat, Himalayan Black Bear, Sloth Bear, Striped Hyena, Goral, Sambar, Wild Pig, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer etc.
    • Large number of butterflies and small birds are also observed that simply add beauty to this region.

 


Q1) What is the importance of Shivalik Hills?

Siwalik is a highland region between the Mahabharat and Chure mountain ranges in Nepal. The region has huge deposits of calcium carbonate and of important minerals such as iron, sulfur, and copper.

Source: Union Minister Bhupendra Yadav, Uttarakhand CM Dhami release tigress in Rajaji National Park’s Motichur Range