Rasmussen’s encephalitis

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Overview:

Recently, the special surgery operation was performed by doctors at Loma Linda University Health in California by switching off half of the brain of an ailing girl in order to save her life who was suffering from Rasmussen’s encephalitis .

About Rasmussen’s encephalitis:

  • It is a very rare, chronic inflammatory neurological disease that usually affects only one hemisphere (half) of the brain.
  • It most often occurs in children under the age of 10 but can also affect adolescents and adults. 
  • Symptoms
  • Frequent and severe seizures
  • Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)
  • Mental deterioration
  • Progressive loss of neurological functions including motor skills, speech, and eventual paralysis on one side of the body (hemiparesis)
  • Treatment may include:
  • Antiseizure medications: Antiseizure medications usually don’t completely manage seizures due to RE. But they may help decrease the frequency and severity of the seizures.
  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy at the beginning of RE may help manage seizures or prevent further immune-related brain damage.
  • Brain surgery: Hemispherectomy is most effective in treating seizures in RE. It involves surgically removing or disconnecting half of your child’s brain from the rest of their brain. 

Q1:What is nervous system?

The nervous system is a complex and essential part of the human body responsible for transmitting and processing information. It plays a crucial role in controlling various bodily functions, including sensory perception, motor functions, thought processes, and the regulation of bodily systems.

SourceHalf of her brain switched off’: California doctors perform ‘special’ surgery to save ailing girl's life